Every year a detailed survey is carried out to estimate the number of Kangaroos within each State of Australia, currently the population stands around 50 million. This means there are more kangaroos in Australia than cattle!

There are kangaroo 48 species in Australia, although only four of those species – with the addition of two wallaby species in Tasmania – are commercially harvested. 

Australia’s kangaroo population changes depending on seasonal conditions, during extended droughts their numbers fall and invariably rise again when droughts break. If the kangaroo population is not properly regulated and the population becomes unbalanced, this not only means damaging effects to the agricultural sector but a large number of the kangaroo population will starve during times of drought.

For more information see Sustainability

While Kangaroos are soft-footed, which means less damage to soil and vegetation, when the population is super-abundant there is a huge economic impact caused Kangaroos including direct losses through grazing crops or pastures along with damaging fences and other infrastructure found on farms. It has been estimated that each year kangaroos cost the Agriculture industry over $90 million. 

For more information see Agriculture

The kangaroo industry is an intelligent use of a sustainable resource and is closely managed by the Australian Government to achieve sustainability goals and preserve our ecosystem. 

The Federal Department of Environment must approve a detailed Management Plan before any kangaroo species can be harvested. These Plans outline the annual population monitoring and quota setting controls and are renewed every 5 years.

The Government’s strict and regulated quotas ensure that there are no adverse effects caused by harvesting. Studies of wild kangaroo populations have been able to confirm the success of the quotas with no-long term impacts resulting from more than 30 years of commercial harvesting. 

The kangaroo industry takes animal welfare very seriously, since 1959 it has worked closely with Australian governments to put in place tight regulations ensuring welfare outcomes are optimal.

All commercially processed kangaroos are taken by licensed commercial kangaroo harvesters who must comply with the Federal Governments Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes. .  

The actual welfare outcomes delivered by the industry have been independently monitored on several occasions, the latest revealing that 99.6% of all kangaroo harvests by professional Harvesters complied with the regulations as set within the Code of Practice. That’s an extraordinarily high level of compliance.

Kangaroo is a uniquely Australian resource which is abundant and provides a range of excellent products including meat and leather. 

Kangaroo leather is superior is regards to quality and strength. Kangaroo skin has a unique fiber structure that runs parallel to the leather surface to provide exceptional rope-like strength and is the lightest natural leather available.

Australian kangaroo meat is among the healthiest, tastiest and most sustainable red meats in the world.  As kangaroos are not farmed but harvested from the wild, the meat is sourced from an open range environment where kangaroos graze on the natural pastures and foliage of the Australian bush.

For more information see Products

The kangaroo industry supports 2,000 licensed harvesters and generates over 2,000 jobs in the processing and transport sector plus more jobs in government, sales and other industries. Creating over 4,000 direct and indirect jobs the kangaroo industry is an important part of the Australian economy.

Kangaroo products are exported to more than 60 overseas markets, where they deliver high quality fresh meat cuts to restaurants and dinner tables across the globe.  

The kangaroo industry provides a valuable contribution to exports and the economy with gross value of production for the kangaroo industry in 2014 being A$174 million. 
As a result of grazing in the wild, kangaroos produce meat that’s free from antibiotics, added growth hormones and added chemicals. Being so active, kangaroos naturally produce very lean, healthy red meat.

It has a range of health and nutrition benefits, including being: 
• high in iron 
• high in protein
• 98% fat free 
• highest known dietary source of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which is a fatty acid that studies have shown can contribute to the reduction of body fat.  

For more information see Meat.
Kangaroo leather combines light weight and strength for products that require high performance, such as:
  • Football boots
  • Hiking shoes
  • Golf gloves
  • Cycling gloves
  • Firefighters gloves
  • Motorcycle gloves
  • MotoGP suits
  • Fashion leather jackets
For more information see Leather
In order to purchase the tags issued by the Authorities an individual must be licensed as a kangaroo harvester. To do so they must undergo training delivered by government accredited agencies and approved by the Australian TAFE (Tertiary and Further Education) agency in the appropriate State. This training covers the regulatory controls and compliance requirements, the animal welfare controls and the hygiene controls each harvester must adhere to. They must then pass assessment in their knowledge and practices relating to these controls by two separate Government Departments. This will include assessment of their competency with their firearm. Then and only then will they be able to obtain the required licenses from the two Authorities concerned.
It is a condition of every kangaroo harvesters license that he adhere to the strict guidelines laid out in the Federal Government document,  Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes.  This specifies the minimum high caliber firearms which can be used, it requires that all animals be head shot and documents procedures for the humane dispatch of any pouch young (CNCM 1990).
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