Every year a detailed survey is carried out to estimate the number of Kangaroos within each State of Australia, currently the population stands around 50 million. This means there are more kangaroos in Australia than cattle!
There are kangaroo 48 species in Australia, although only four of those species – with the addition of two wallaby species in Tasmania – are commercially harvested.
While Kangaroos are soft-footed, which means less damage to soil and vegetation, when the population is super-abundant there is a huge economic impact caused Kangaroos including direct losses through grazing crops or pastures along with damaging fences and other infrastructure found on farms. It has been estimated that each year kangaroos cost the Agriculture industry over $90 million.
For more information see Agriculture.
The kangaroo industry takes animal welfare very seriously, since 1959 it has worked closely with Australian governments to put in place tight regulations ensuring welfare outcomes are optimal.
All commercially processed kangaroos are taken by licensed commercial kangaroo harvesters who must comply with the Federal Governments Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes. .
The actual welfare outcomes delivered by the industry have been independently monitored on several occasions, the latest revealing that 99.6% of all kangaroo harvests by professional Harvesters complied with the regulations as set within the Code of Practice. That’s an extraordinarily high level of compliance.
The kangaroo industry supports 2,000 licensed harvesters and generates over 2,000 jobs in the processing and transport sector plus more jobs in government, sales and other industries. Creating over 4,000 direct and indirect jobs the kangaroo industry is an important part of the Australian economy.